HMBR


Como utilizar o Mascaramento de pacotes para descobrir as causas de um downgrade.
August 25, 2008, 12:33 am
Filed under: gentoo, gentoobr, nerd, open source

Uma das coisas mais comuns no uso do gentoo, principalmente quando mistura pacotes estáveis, testings e unstables (como eu costumo fazer), é o downgrade de algum pacote para alguma versão anterior sem uma razão aparente, como o downgrade de uma versão estável para uma antiga versão.

Isso ocorreu comigo quando fui realizar um emerge -NDuav word:

hellboy ~ # emerge -NDuav world


These are the packages that would be merged, in order:


Calculating world dependencies... done!
[ebuild     UD] dev-util/bzr-1.1 [1.5] USE="bash-completion -curl -emacs -sftp -test" 3,346 kB
[ebuild     U ] app-text/poppler-0.8.6 [0.8.5] USE="jpeg zlib -cjk" 1,435 kB
[ebuild     U ] app-text/poppler-bindings-0.8.6 [0.8.5] USE="cairo gtk -qt3 -qt4 -test" 0 kB


Total: 3 packages (2 upgrades, 1 downgrade), Size of downloads: 4,781 kB


Would you like to merge these packages? [Yes/No]

Vejam o caso do bazaar (dev-util/bzr), mas acontece que a versão 1.5 é uma versão estável como aponta o eix:

hellboy ~ # eix dev-util/bzr
[I] dev-util/bzr
Available versions:  0.17 1.1 ~1.3 ~1.4 1.5 [M]~1.6_rc5 {bash-completion curl emacs sftp test}
Installed versions:  1.5(07:43:31 PM 08/23/2008)(bash-completion -curl -emacs -sftp -test)
Homepage:            http://bazaar-vcs.org/
Description:         Bazaar is a next generation distributed version control system.

A razão deste comportamento é sempre por causa de algum pacote já instalado ou que vai ser instalado, eu acho que a maneira abaixo a mais simples para descobrir qual o pacote esta forçando o downgrade.

Primeiro eu mascaro o todas as versões abaixo da versão já instalada do programa que esta sendo forçado o downgrade, no caso, todas as versões do bazaar abaixo do 1.5.

sudo echo '<=dev-util/bzr-1.4' >> /etc/portage/package.mask

Feito isso, refaço o comando que originou o pedido de downgrade e vejo o resultado:

hellboy ~ # emerge -NDuav world


These are the packages that would be merged, in order:


Calculating world dependencies /
!!! All ebuilds that could satisfy "=dev-util/bzr-1.1*" have been masked.
!!! One of the following masked packages is required to complete your request:
- dev-util/bzr-1.1 (masked by: package.mask)


For more information, see MASKED PACKAGES section in the emerge man page or
refer to the Gentoo Handbook.
(dependency required by "dev-util/bzrtools-1.1.0" [installed])


!!! Problem resolving dependencies for dev-util/bzrtools
!!! Depgraph creation failed.

Dai eu observo que o responsável pelo downgrade é o pacote dev-util/bzrtools, que consta com todas as versões consideradas como instáveis:

hellboy ~ # eix bzrtools
[I] dev-util/bzrtools
Available versions:  ~0.17.1 (~)1.1.0 ~1.3.0 ~1.4.0 ~1.5.0
Installed versions:  1.1.0(02:34:38 AM 02/06/2008)
Homepage:            http://bazaar.canonical.com/BzrTools
Description:         bzrtools is a useful collection of utilities for bzr.

Como é um caso de pacotes instáveis, uma maneira seria apagar o pacote instável ou utilizar a keyword, como eu estou querendo aprender mais do bazaar, prefiro arriscar utilizar o pacote instável.

sudo echo '=dev-util/bzrtools-1.5.0 ~*' >> /etc/portage/package.keywords

Com isso elimino a fonte do downgrade e refaço o meu comando sem medo de downgrades :-D.

hellboy ~ # emerge -NDuav world


These are the packages that would be merged, in order:


Calculating world dependencies... done!
[ebuild     U ] dev-util/bzrtools-1.5.0 [1.1.0] 82 kB
[ebuild     U ] app-text/poppler-0.8.6 [0.8.5] USE="jpeg zlib -cjk" 1,435 kB
[ebuild     U ] app-text/poppler-bindings-0.8.6 [0.8.5] USE="cairo gtk -qt3 -qt4 -test" 0 kB


Total: 3 packages (3 upgrades), Size of downloads: 1,517 kB


Would you like to merge these packages? [Yes/No]

😀

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Gentoo Tools
April 19, 2007, 5:28 pm
Filed under: gentoo, open source

Gentoo is know as a hard linux distribution, in fact, only the installation is a hard process, everything else is just a piece of cake.

Ok, it’s not easy as ubuntu, but with the right tools, everyone can make magic.

IMHO, no one can have all Gentoo experience without:

  1. equery (useful when you need information, as USE flags, depends, package contents, etc)
  2. eix ( excellent search packages program )
  3. euse (USE flags )
  4. revdep-rebuild (after an emerge -NDuav world, to fix broken packages)
  5. module-rebuild rebuild -X ( after an kernel update, rebuild old modules to fit with your new kernel)

Equery, euse and revdep-rebuild are part of gentoolkit ( emerge gentoolkit), eix and module-rebuild have their own package.

And, of course, vim for everything else 😛



using zenity with emerge
April 3, 2007, 6:48 pm
Filed under: gentoo, open source

Zenity is a great tool, it creates a gtk dialog box using shell commands.

The following line shows how you can make a emerge without worry waiting for a terminal response.

emerge -NDupv world >/tmp/newpackage && zenity --text-info --filename=/tmp/newpackage && zenity --question --text="emerge?" && emerge -NDuv world



Gentoo: Acer Aspire 5672
November 17, 2006, 6:34 pm
Filed under: gentoo, open source

I started a new entry at gentoo-wiki.

It’s about Acer Aspire5672 WLMi.

http://gentoo-wiki.com/HARDWARE_Acer_Aspire_5672_WLMi

You can help me improve it 🙂